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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1995 May 11;1244(1):41-8.

Characterization of the signal transduction of prostaglandin E receptor EP1 subtype in cDNA-transfected Chinese hamster ovary cells.

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  • 1Department of Physiological Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kyoto University, Japan.

Abstract

We examined the signal transduction of mouse prostaglandin E receptor EP1 subtype using Chinese hamster ovary cells stably expressing the cloned EP1. Sulprostone, an EP1 agonist, induced a rapid increase in intracellular Ca2+ concentration in the EP1-expressing cells. Most of the increase was abolished by removal of extracellular Ca2+, and was insensitive to U-73122, a phospholipase C inhibitor. Sulprostone stimulated phosphatidylinositol hydrolysis, but this stimulation was abolished by removal of extracellular Ca2+, indicating that EP1-stimulated phosphatidylinositol hydrolysis is the result of extracellular Ca2+ influx. Thus, the signal transduction of EP1 is extracellular Ca2+ entry through a pathway independent of phospholipase C activation. We further examined the regulation of the signal transduction of EP1 having potential phosphorylation sites for either protein kinase C or protein kinase A. Short-term exposure of the cells to 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (TPA) completely suppressed the sulprostone-induced increase in intracellular Ca2+ concentration, while forskolin or dibutyryl cAMP did not affect it, suggesting that protein kinase C but not protein kinase A is involved in the regulation of the EP1 signal transduction. Furthermore, long-term exposure to TPA decreased PGE2 protein kinase A is involved in the regulation of the EP1 signal transduction. Furthermore, long-term exposure to TPA decreased PGE2 binding activity of EP1 due to the reduction of the EP1 mRNA level. Protein kinase C induces short- and long-term desensitization of EP1.

PMID:
7766667
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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