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Mol Carcinog. 1995 May;13(1):27-36.

c-jun and multistage carcinogenesis: association of overexpression of introduced c-jun with progression toward a neoplastic endpoint in mouse JB6 cells sensitive to tumor promoter-induced transformation.

Author information

  • 1Laboratory of Viral Carcinogenesis, NCI, FCRDC, Frederick, MD 21702, USA.

Abstract

Tumor promoters such as 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) and epidermal growth factor (EGF) induce neoplastic transformation, elevated c-jun protein expression, and activator protein-1 (AP-1)-dependent gene expression in JB6 mouse epidermal cells sensitive to tumor promoters (clone 415a P+ cells). In contrast, JB6 cells resistant to tumor promoter-induced transformation (clone 307b P- cells) exhibit a greatly reduced TPA or EGF inducible c-jun expression and AP-1 activity. We have recently shown that induced AP-1 is necessary for tumor promoter-induced transformation of P+ cells because introduction of a dominant negative c-jun mutant into P+ cells inhibits both AP-1 dependent transactivation and the transformation response to tumor promoter. The intent of the investigation presented here was to test the hypothesis that elevation of AP-1 activity is sufficient to cause progression to the P+ phenotype in P- cells or to the transformed phenotype in P+ cells. Clonally derived P+ and P- recipient cells transfected with a human c-jun expression construct and overexpressing c-jun protein were tested for progression by assaying for constitutive or inducible anchorage independent phenotype and nude-mouse tumorigenicity. Overexpression of c-jun did not produce progression in P- cells but did increase the probability of progression in P+ cells (two of five transfectant cell lines progressed to the tumor phenotype). In addition, c-jun overexpression did not increase AP-1 activity in any of the P-/c-jun transfectants or in the two of five P+/c-jun transfectants that acquired the transformed phenotype. The P+/c-jun transfectants that showed elevated AP-1 activity did not progress to the tumor phenotype, demonstrating that an increase in AP-1 activity is insufficient for this progression. Since P(+)-to-tumor phenotype progression occurred in cells overexpressing c-jun but not AP-1, we propose that P(+)-to-transformed phenotype progression is c-jun dependent and AP-1 independent.

PMID:
7766308
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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