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Cytotechnology. 1993;12(1-3):1-32.

P-glycoprotein structure and evolutionary homologies.

Author information

  • Division of Pediatric Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA.

Abstract

Analysis of multidrug resistant cell lines has led to the identification of the P-glycoprotein multigene family. Two of the three classes of mammalian P-glycoproteins have the ability to confer cellular resistance to a broad range of structurally and functionally diverse cytotoxic agents. P-glycoproteins are integral membrane glycoproteins comprised of two similar halves, each consisting of six membrane spanning domains followed by a cytoplasmic domain which includes a nucleotide binding fold. The P-glycoprotein is a member of a large superfamily of transport proteins which utilize ATP to translocate a wide range of substrates across biological membranes. This superfamily includes transport complexes comprised of multicomponent systems, half P-glycoproteins and P-glycoprotein-like homologs which appear to require 12 alpha-helical transmembrane domains and two nucleotide binding folds for substrate transport. P-glycoprotein homologs have been isolated and characterized from a wide range of species. Amino acid sequences, the similarities between the halves and intron/exon boundaries have been compared to understand the evolutionary origins of the P-glycoprotein.

PMID:
7765321
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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