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J Leukoc Biol. 1995 May;57(5):712-8.

Soluble and membrane-anchored forms of the human IFN-alpha/beta receptor.

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  • 1Department of Molecular Genetics and Virology, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel.


The recently cloned ligand binding component of the type I human interferon-alpha/beta receptor (IFN-alpha/beta R) and its soluble analogue (p40) were characterized. p40 is a potent inhibitor of type I IFNs and antibodies directed against p40 completely block the activity of type I IFNs in human cells. These antibodies immunoprecipitate cellular 102-kDa (major) and 51-kDa (minor) forms of IFN-alpha/beta R. We find that the 51-kDa IFN-alpha/beta R. Two types of cDNA clones were isolated and sequenced, a 1.5-kb cDNA coding for the transmembrane 51-kDa IFN-alpha/beta R and a 4.5-kb cDNA coding for p40. In addition to ligand binding, IFN-alpha/beta R is directly involved in signaling, because it becomes phosphorylated at Tyr residues on ligand binding and it is physically associated with the cytoplasmic tyrosine kinase JAK1.

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