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J Infect Dis. 1995 May;171(5):1166-71.

Evaluation of safety and efficacy of 3TC (lamivudine) in patients with asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic human immunodeficiency virus infection: a phase I/II study.

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  • 1Department of Internal Medicine (Clinical AIDS Unit), University of Amsterdam, Academic Medical Centre, Netherlands.


In a phase I/II study, 7 levels of 3TC therapy (from 0.5 to 20.0 mg/kg/day) were studied in 104 asymptomatic and mildly symptomatic human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients with CD4 cell counts < or = 400 x 10(6)/L. Mild and transient episodes of diarrhea, headache, fatigue, nausea, and abdominal pain were the most frequent events reported. No dose-limiting toxicities were observed. Small and transient increases in CD4 cell counts were detected during the first 4 weeks of treatment. These were followed by progressive declines during prolonged therapy. Sustained decreases in beta 2-microglobulin, neopterin, and p24 antigen levels were seen over the 52-week study. There was no consistent dose-response correlation for any surrogate marker. Penetration of 3TC into cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was in the same range as reported for ddC and ddI; the mean CSF-to-serum ratio was 0.06. These findings indicate that 3TC exhibits an excellent safety profile and has antiretroviral activity at the dosages studied.

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