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Br J Psychiatry. 1995 Feb;166(2):244-50.

[18F]FDG PET study in obsessive-compulsive disorder. A clinical/metabolic correlation study after treatment.

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  • 1Istituto di Neuroscienze and Bioimmagini CNR. c/o H San Raffaele, Milan, Italy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

We used [18F]FDG and PET in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) to evaluate cerebral metabolic involvement before and after treatment with serotonin-specific reuptake inhibitors.

METHOD:

In 11 untreated, drug-free adults, regional cerebral metabolic rate for glucose (rCMRglu) was compared with that of 15 age-matched normal controls.

RESULTS:

rCMRglu values were significantly increased in the cingulate cortex, thalamus and pallidum/putamen complex. After treatment a significant improvement in obsessive-compulsive symptoms on the Y-BOC scale (t = 3.59, P < 0.01) was associated with a significant bilateral decrease of metabolism in the whole cingulate cortex (P < 0.001). Clinical and metabolic data were significantly intercorrelated (Kendall's tau = 0.65; P < 0.01).

CONCLUSIONS:

These findings indicate that OCD is associated with functional hyperactivity of a selected neuronal network and that treatment to reduce symptoms may have a selective neuromodulatory effect on cingulate cortex.

PMID:
7728370
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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