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Gene. 1995 Apr 3;155(2):219-23.

Identification of a GATA motif in the cardiac alpha-myosin heavy-chain-encoding gene and isolation of a human GATA-4 cDNA.

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  • 1Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Toronto Hospital, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.


In an attempt to identify the cardiac-specific genes regulated by the transcription factor GATA-4, we have identified a putative GATA-binding site located within the 5' flanking sequence of the human cardiac alpha-myosin heavy-chain-encoding gene. The 23-bp sequence surrounding the core GATA-binding site is conserved across species. The core motif and flanking sequences of this GATA-binding site are almost identical to that of a well-established GATA-binding site located within the 3' enhancer of the human beta-globin gene. Using electrophoretic mobility shift analysis, two distinct nuclear factors were found to bind specifically to this element. We have isolated a full-length cDNA clone for human GATA-4 (hGATA-4) by screening a human heart cDNA library. The hGATA-4 cDNA sequence shows 85% identity with murine GATA-4 in the protein coding region. The deduced amino-acid sequence within the two zinc-finger DNA-binding domains of human GATA-4 is 100% identical with murine GATA-4. Northern blot analysis reveals that this 4.4-kb transcript has higher expression in adult heart than in fetal heart. Our results suggest that GATA-4 may regulate a set of cardiac-specific genes and play a crucial role in cardiogenesis.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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