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Diabetologia. 1995 Feb;38(2):173-9.

Caloric restriction in obese pre-diabetic rats prevents beta-cell depletion, loss of beta-cell GLUT 2 and glucose incompetence.

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  • 1Center for Diabetes Research, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, USA.

Abstract

Pre-diabetic male Zucker diabetic fatty rats (ZDF) become diabetic between 8 and 10 weeks of age. At that time their beta cells exhibit high basal insulin secretion, absent insulin response to glucose and loss of GLUT 2 glucose transporter. Beta-cell volume, which is increased at the onset of non-insulin-dependent diabetes, declines precipitously by age 18 weeks. To determine if expression of this diabetic phenotype was dependent upon the increased food intake of these rats, they were diet-matched to lean littermates for 12 weeks beginning at 6 weeks of age. Untreated control ZDF rats received an unrestricted diet for 3 months. All of the controls became hyperglycaemic by 8 weeks of age, whereas all diet-matched rats remained euglycaemic throughout the 3 months, despite the fact that at 18 weeks of age their mean body weight equaled that of obese rats on an unrestricted diet. In the former rats glucose-stimulated insulin secretion was absent at 12 weeks of age and GLUT-2-positive beta cells had fallen below 30%. The volume fraction of their beta cells was 2.6 times normal at this age but by 18 weeks of age it had declined by 75%. Diet restriction for 3 months prevented the loss of glucose-stimulated insulin secretion and the reduction of beta-cell GLUT-2 and beta-cell volume fraction. However, neither the elevated basal insulin secretion nor the exaggerated arginine-stimulated insulin secretion of the obese rats was reversed or prevented by caloric restriction.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

PMID:
7713311
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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