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Mol Ecol. 1995 Feb;4(1):49-60.

Postglacial expansion and genome subdivision in the European grasshopper Chorthippus parallelus.

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  • 1School of Biological Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK.


A noncoding nuclear DNA marker sequence (Cpn1-1) was used to investigate subdivision in the grasshopper Chorthippus parallelus and deduce postglacial expansion patterns across its species range in Europe. Investigation of the spatial distribution of 71 Cpn1-1 haplotypes and estimation of levels of genetic differentiation (KST values) between populations and geographic regions provided evidence for subdivision of C. parallelus into at least five major geographic regions and indicated that the French form of C. parallelus originated after range expansion from a Balkan refugium. Further evidence for subdivision of C. parallelus between Italy and northern Europe suggests that the Alps may have formed a significant barrier to gene flow in this grasshopper.

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