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Eur J Pharmacol. 1994 Dec 27;271(2-3):309-17.

Autonomic modulation of action potential and tension in guinea pig papillary muscles.

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  • 1Department of Dental Research, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, NY 14642.


The effects of alpha 1-adrenoceptor and muscarinic acetylcholine receptor stimulation on action potential and tension were studied in guinea pig papillary muscles obtained from both right and left ventricles. Stimulation of muscarinic acetylcholine receptors with carbachol produced a reduction of the action potential duration and a positive inotropic effect in papillary muscles from both ventricles. Both effects were concentration dependent and atropine sensitive. However, differential responsiveness was found upon alpha 1-adrenoceptor activation in muscles obtained from left and right ventricles. In right side papillary muscles, the alpha 1-adrenoceptor agonist, methoxamine, decreased the action potential duration and produced a positive inotropic effect. In contrast, methoxamine decreased the action potential duration but failed to produce a positive inotropic effect in left side papillary muscles. All methoxamine effects were antagonized by prazosin. Responses to maximum concentration of carbachol and methoxamine on the action potential duration and contractility were additive in right side papillary muscles. Phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate (PDB), a direct protein kinase C activator, also decreased the action potential duration in a manner that was additive to both carbachol and methoxamine. However, PDB reversed the positive inotropic effect of carbachol and methoxamine. The methoxamine-induced shortening of the action potential duration was prevented by pretreatment with indomethacin and nordihydroguaiaretic acid, blockers of arachidonic acid metabolism, but not by the protein kinase C antagonist, 1-(5-isoquinolinesulfonyl)-2-methylpiperazine (H-7).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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