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Histochem J. 1993 Sep;25(9):619-27.

Fucose expression in skeletal muscle: a lectin histochemical study.

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  • 1Department of Oral Function, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.


Binding sites for three fucose specific lectins, Aleuria aurantia agglutinin (AAA), Lotus tetragonolobus agglutinin (LTA) and Ulex europeus I agglutinin (UEA I), were investigated in sections from normal human and rat muscles, in muscle from patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and in denervated and devascularized rat muscle. In normal human and rat muscle AAA detected fucosylated glycocompounds in the sarcoplasm, sarcolemma, interfibre connective tissue and vascular structures. In normal human muscle addition of fucose to the AAA incubation medium or treatment of the sections with formaldehyde followed by periodic oxidation before lectin incubation strongly inhibited the staining at all sites other than endothelial cells. In normal rat muscle the same staining procedures strongly inhibited the AAA binding at all sites other than the sarcolemma. Incubation with LTA resulted in a diffuse reaction around the vascular structures in rat muscle, while in human muscle a moderate, homogeneous staining was present in all muscle fibres. Treatment of the sections with formaldehyde and periodic acid before incubation with LTA resulted in strongly labelled muscle capillaries in both human and rat muscle. The only elements in the muscle tissues that were stained with UEA I were human endothelial cells. In denervated and devascularized rat muscle incubation with AAA revealed a novel fucose expression that appeared intracellularly in some necrotic fibres. The AAA-positive fucose residues in the sarcolemma of normal muscle fibres that were resistant to periodic acid oxidation could not be shown by AAA in denervated muscle. In DMD muscle a cryptic sarcolemmal fucose expression could be shown with AAA.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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