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J Immunol. 1993 Nov 1;151(9):4773-81.

cDNA cloning of a major allergen from timothy grass (Phleum pratense) pollen; characterization of the recombinant Phl pV allergen.

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  • 1Institute of General and Experimental Pathology, University of Vienna, Austria.


We isolated a cDNA encoding a major grass pollen allergen from a timothy grass (Phleum pratense) pollen expression cDNA library using allergic patients' IgE. The complete cDNA encoded an allergen that binds IgE from about 80% of grass pollen-allergic patients. Significant sequence homology was found to other major grass pollen allergens from Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratense) as well as from rye grass (Lolium perenne) which originally were believed to form different identities. Using different monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies raised against group V allergens we identified the recombinant protein as a group V allergen from timothy grass, Phl p V. In IgE-binding studies it is demonstrated that the rPhl p V allergen can be used to block binding of patients' IgE to natural group V isoallergens on two-dimensional immunoblots. IgE inhibition experiments show that up to 60% of grass pollenspecific IgE can be preadsorbed with the rPhl p V allergen from patients sera. The purified rPhl p V induced specific histamine release of blood basophils from grass pollen-allergic patients. This emphasizes the usefulness of the rPhl p V for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes and corroborates the view that specific diagnosis and therapy of type l allergy could be performed with a limited panel of relevant recombinant allergens.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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