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J Immunol Methods. 1993 Aug 9;163(2):155-60.

A simple flow cytometric procedure for the determination of surface antigens on unfixed leucocytes in whole blood.

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  • 1School of Biological Sciences, Queen Mary and Westfield College, London, UK.


A novel procedure has been developed for the quantitation by flow cytometry of function-associated antigens on neutrophils and monocytes in unlysed, unfixed, peripheral blood samples. Freshly drawn blood anticoagulated with the serine esterase inhibitor, phenylmethylsulphonyl fluoride, is mixed with the vital nucleic acid stain, LDS-751, labelled with monoclonal antibodies for 5 min at 4 degrees C, diluted and analysed in a five-parameter flow cytometer. The three major leucocyte subpopulations (neutrophils, lymphocytes and monocytes) can be resolved in real time on the basis of their side light scattering and staining intensity with LDS-751 in the FL3 channel (erythrocytes and platelets stain very weakly), whilst the fluorescence intensity due to bound fluorescein isothiocyanate- or phycoerythrin-labelled antibody is monitored simultaneously in the FL1 or FL2 channels respectively. This procedure avoids potential artefacts that can occur due to the use of fixatives, erythrocyte lysing agents, or anticoagulants which are also divalent metal ion chelators. It should be widely applicable for the quantitation of those function-associated antigens, such as adhesion molecules and immune complex receptors, whose surface expression can be rapidly upregulated following activation, as well as for the quantitation of those leucocyte surface antigens whose expression is not subject to rapid modulation.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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