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Cell Immunol. 1993 Aug;150(1):72-80.

CD8+CD38+ and CD8+DR+ peripheral blood lymphoid subsets of HIV-infected intravenous drug abusers correlate with CD4+ cell counts and proliferation to mitogens.

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  • 1Servicios de Inmunología, Hospital Nuestra Señora de Aránzazu, San Sebastián, Spain.


Twenty-nine intravenous drug abusers (ivda), with asymptomatic HIV infection at entry, were sequentially studied at 4- to 6-month intervals for variable follow-up periods (mean, 19.6 months). Two of them progressed to AIDS and another one fell into the IV-C2 stage of the CDC classification at the end of the study. CD8+ lymphoid subsets (CD57+, CD38+, and HLA-DR+) were sequentially analyzed in peripheral blood samples along the follow-up. Both absolute number and percentage of cells within these subsets were found significantly increased over those observed in normal controls. Minor changes were appreciated throughout the follow-up. CD8+CD38+ and CD8+DR+ cells increased slightly (P < 0.05), but the CD8+CD57+ subset did not change significantly. In order to determine whether abnormalities in these subsets are associated with immune dysfunction, we looked for correlation between the quantification of CD8+ subpopulations and other parameters of cellular immunity. Percentage of CD8+CD38+ or CD8+DR+ cells inversely correlates with absolute number of CD4+ cells (P < 0.0001), and percentage of CD38+ subset also correlates with the proliferative response to mitogens in lymphoid cultures. Thus, the enumeration of these populations of CD8+ cells may provide some additional information about the immune status of HIV-infected ivda.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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