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Acta Pathol Jpn. 1993 Jan-Feb;43(1-2):11-7.

Abscess-forming granulomatous lymphadenitis: histological typing of suppurative granulomas and clinicopathological findings with special reference to cat scratch disease.

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  • 1Department of Pathology and Clinical Laboratories, Ashikaga Red Cross Hospital, Japan.


In order to clarify the histological and immunohistochemical characteristics of suppurative granuloma in abscess-forming granulomatous lymphadenitis (AGL), and the relation between AGL and cat scratch disease (CSD), 36 cases of AGL were studied. The combined results showed that there were two types of suppurative granulomas. The suppurative granulomas histologically revealed small lymphocytes of predominantly T cell phenotype distributed among the epithelioid histiocytes bordering central necrotic areas in the suppurative granulomas. These suppurative granulomas could be further subdivided into two groups, mainly those with and without the intermingling of large transformed cells of B-cell phenotypes: Type B granuloma with large transformed B cells and Type A without large transformed B cells. Both types of granulomas were observed in a varying degree in most cases. According to the predominant type of granulomas, 36 patients with AGL were further classified into two groups: Group I of Type A dominance and Group II of Type B dominance. Warthin-Starry (WS) silver stain positive bacteria, which are said to be a causative agent of CSD, were present in about 50% of both groups. No Brown-Hopps' Gram-positive bacteria, fungus, toxoplasma, Chlamydia or Bacillus Calmette-Guérin antigen were found in any case. Clinically, there was no significant difference between these two groups. On the other hand, the detection of WS-positive bacteria seemed to have some relationship with the duration of disease and the history of exposure to cats, and 70% of AGL cases occurred in autumn without a single concurrent epidemic.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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