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Epilepsia. 1993;34 Suppl 1:S29-36.

Focal status epilepticus and epilepsia partialis continua in adults and children.

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  • Department of Neurology, Beth Israel Hospital, Harvard University, Boston, MA 02215.


Focal status epilepticus and epilepsia partialis continua (FSE-EPC) are most frequently seen with chronic focal progressive encephalitis of Rasmussen and Russian spring-summer encephalitis. FSE-EPC may be the presenting feature of nonketotic hyperglycemic diabetes mellitus but is more often noted as a late complication especially if there is a coexistent cerebral lesion such as cerebral infarction. FSE-EPC may be related to multiple sclerosis, primary or metastatic brain tumors, the MERRF-MELAS syndrome, benign epilepsy of childhood with rolandic spikes, and in some adults with acquired aphasia. The physiological origin of the myoclonic jerks seen in EPC is cortical and may be either spontaneous or provoked by the joint position of the affected limb. The treatment of FSE-EPC is influenced by the underlying disorder.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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