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J Biol Chem. 1993 Feb 15;268(5):3450-5.

Cloning and expression of a third calcium channel beta subunit.

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  • 1Department of Molecular Physiology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030.


The skeletal muscle dihydropyridine receptor/Ca2+ channel consists of five distinct subunits (alpha 1, alpha 2 delta, beta 1, and gamma). Homologous alpha 1, alpha 2 delta, and beta 2 subunits are expressed in heart and brain. The present study reports the cloning and expression of a third beta subunit, beta 3, which is expressed predominantly in brain. Its open reading frame encodes a protein with 484 amino acids with a predicted molecular mass of 54,571 Da. Coexpression of beta 3 with a cardiac alpha 1 in Xenopus oocytes induces similar changes in Ca2+ channel activity as beta 1 and beta 2, that is, it increases peak currents, modulates the voltage dependence of activation, and accelerates activation. In addition, beta 3 accelerates the rate of inactivation at positive test potentials.

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