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Oncogene. 1995 Aug 17;11(4):791-9.

p53 dependent growth suppression by the c-Abl nuclear tyrosine kinase.

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  • 1Molecular Biology Institute, University of California, Los Angeles 90095, USA.


Growth suppression by the Rb and p53 tumor suppressor proteins is mediated through effects on cell cycle regulatory proteins at the G1/S transition. Because overexpression of c-Abl induces G1 arrest in fibroblasts, we reasoned that c-Abl may also affect cell cycle proteins which regulate G1. We used fibroblasts containing disruptions of the Rb or p53 genes to genetically test the role of these proteins in c-Abl growth suppression. We find that c-Abl requires p53 but not Rb to suppress growth. c-Abl binds p53 in vitro and enhances p53 dependent transcription from a promoter containing p53 DNA binding sites. An Abl mutant which no longer binds p53 does not enhance p53 transcriptional activity and fails to suppress growth. These findings provide a novel link between a growth inhibitory tyrosine kinase and the p53 tumor suppressor protein.

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