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J Interferon Cytokine Res. 1995 May;15(5):441-5.

Interleukin-4 and interleukin-10 increase endotoxin-stimulated human umbilical vein endothelial cell interleukin-8 release.

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  • 1Department of Surgery, University of Edinburgh, Royal Infirmary, UK.


The aim of this study was to determine the effect of interleukin-4 (IL-4) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) on interleukin-8 (IL-8) release from endothelial cells. Confluent monolayers of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were incubated in the absence or presence of 10 ng/ml of bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS), with 5% human AB serum and recombinant human IL-4 or IL-10 over a dose range from 50 fg/ml to 50 ng/ml (final concentration). IL-4 and IL-10 had no effect on HUVEC IL-8 release in the absence of LPS. In the presence of LPS, IL-4 and IL-10 enhanced IL-8 release by approximately 300% compared with LPS-stimulated cells alone, IL-8 release increasing from 2594 +/- 493 pg/ml (no IL-4 or IL-10) to 7892 +/- 320 pg/ml (IL-4, 5 pg/ml; p = 0.001) and 8359 +/- 712 pg/ml (IL-10, 50 pg/ml; p = 0.002). IL-8 release in response to IL-4 or IL-10 plateaued above 5 and 50 pg/ml, respectively. This study suggests that IL-4 and IL-10 may be involved in the complex regulation of endothelial cell cytokine production during the response to endotoxin.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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