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Acta Paediatr Jpn. 1995 Jun;37(3):377-80.

Serratia marcescens lung abscess in a child with autoimmune neutropenia.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Kagoshima University, Japan.


Though Serratia marcescens is widely known to be the cause of serious infections in immunocompromised hosts, a lung abscess caused by S. marcescens is very rare. A 5 year old boy who had previously been diagnosed with autoimmune neutropenia was admitted because of fever and cough. In spite of treatment with some antibiotics, he developed a lung abscess. Aspiration of the pleural fluid revealed that S. marcescens was the pathogen of the disease. In the present case, there were feasible risk factors for the development of Serratia lung abscess namely neutropenia, chronic gingivitis at the time, and treatment with cyclosporin A. There are no reported cases of autoimmune neutropenia which developed into S. marcescens lung abscess in the literature as far as we can determine.

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