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J Biol Chem. 1995 Aug 18;270(33):19458-64.

The interaction of fibulin-1 with fibrinogen. A potential role in hemostasis and thrombosis.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, J. H. Holland Laboratory, American Red Cross, Rockville, Maryland 20855, USA.


The fibulins are an emerging family of extracellular matrix and blood proteins presently having two members designated fibulin-1 and -2. Fibulin-1 is the predominant fibulin in blood, present at a concentration of 30-40 micrograms/ml (approximately 1000-fold higher than fibulin-2). During the course of isolating fibulin-1 from plasma by immunoaffinity chromatography, a 340-kDa polypeptide was consistently found to co-purify. This protein was identified as fibrinogen (Fg) based on its electrophoretic behavior and reactivity with Fg monoclonal antibodies. Radioiodinated fibulin-1 was shown to bind to Fg transferred onto nitrocellulose filters after SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. In enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, fibulin-1 bound to Fg (and fibrin) adsorbed onto microtiter well plastic, and conversely, Fg bound to fibulin-1-coated wells. The binding of Fg to fibulin-1 was also observed in surface plasmon resonance assays, and a dissociation constant (Kd) of 2.9 +/- 1.6 microM was derived. In addition, fluorescence anisotropy experiments demonstrated that the interaction was also able to occur in fluid phase, which suggests that complexes of fibulin-1 and Fg could exist in the blood. To localize the portion of Fg that is responsible for interacting with fibulin-1, proteolytic fragments of Fg were evaluated for their ability to promote fibulin-1 binding. Fragments containing the carboxyl-terminal region of the Bbeta chain (residues 216-468) were able to bind to fibulin-1. In addition, it was found that fibulin-1 was able to incorporate into fibrin clots formed in vitro and was immunologically detected within newly formed fibrin-containing thrombi associated with human atherectomy specimens. The interaction between fibulin-1 and Fg highlights potential new roles for fibulin-1 in hemostasis as well as thrombosis.

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