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Epilepsy Res. 1995 May;21(1):37-42.

Adjunctive treatment of partial seizures with tiagabine: a placebo-controlled trial.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, University of Wales College of Medicine, Cardiff, UK.


Tiagabine is a new antiepileptic drug which acts by a novel mechanism, inhibiting the reuptake of the inhibitory neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) into neurons and glia. A double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial was undertaken, based upon a response-dependent design. Ninety-four patients with complex partial seizures with or without secondary generalised tonic-clonic seizures were recruited into an open screening phase and tiagabine was added to their existing drug therapy in doses titrated to reduce seizure frequency by > or = 25% or to the limit of tolerance. Forty-six responders were subsequently randomised to a double-blind crossover trial in which tiagabine was compared with placebo. Forty-two patients completed the trial. A significant reduction in the frequency of complex partial and secondary generalised tonic clonic seizures was seen. Twenty-six percent had a reduction of > or = 50% in the frequency of their complex partial seizures, and of the 27 patients who also had secondary generalised tonic clonic seizures, 63% experienced a reduction of > or = 50%. No interactions with baseline antiepileptic drugs were detected and no serious adverse reactions occurred. The commonest adverse events were tiredness, dizziness and headache. We conclude that tiagabine has promising antiepileptic effects. Further trials are underway.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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