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J Clin Oncol. 1995 Aug;13(8):1843-50.

In vivo cell kinetics in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas predicts local control and helps guide radiotherapy regimen.

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  • 1Divisiones di Oncologia Radioterapica e Oncologia Chirurgica, Laboratorio di Biofisica e Citometria, Istituto Nazionale per la Ricerca sul Cancro di Genova, Italy.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To determine whether pretherapy cell kinetics can predict local control for patients affected by head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HN-SCCs) to be treated by primary radiotherapy and, moreover, guide to a choice between conventional and accelerated radiotherapy.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Between 1989 and 1993, 83 patients with stage II to IV HN-SCC entered the study. Multiple primary tumor biopsies were obtained 6 hours after in vivo infusion of bromodeoxyuridine (BrdUrd). In vivo S-phase fraction labeling index (LI), duration of S phase (Ts), and potential doubling time (Tpot) were obtained by analysis of multivariate flow-cytometric data. Between April 1989 and January 1991, 49 patients were treated by conventional radiotherapy (70 Gy in 35 fractions over 7 weeks), whereas, afterwards, 34 patients entered an accelerated radiotherapy regimen with the concomitant boost technique (75 Gy in 40 fractions over 6 weeks).

RESULTS:

Univariate analysis showed that, among patients treated by conventional radiotherapy, local control probability was affected by tumor stage (P = .02), Tpot (P < .001), and LI (P = .04). Similarly, among patients treated with accelerated radiotherapy, we found that local control probability was related to tumor stage (P = .03) and primary tumor site (P = .05). For the subgroup of patients with tumors characterized by fast growth (Tpot < or = 5 days), accelerated radiotherapy gave a better local control rate than conventional radiotherapy (P = .02). Cox multivariate analysis of the total number of patients showed that the only significant independent prognostic factors related to local control were tumor stage (P = .002) and Tpot (P = .004). Moreover, when the Cox analysis was restricted to the subgroup of patients treated with conventional radiotherapy, Tpot was the most significant factor to predict local outcome (P < .01).

CONCLUSION:

Pretreatment tumor Tpot appears to be an important independent prognostic factor for local control of HN-SCC treated by primary radiotherapy.

PMID:
7636527
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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