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Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1995 May;(314):37-44.

Congenital pseudarthrosis of the tibia. Long-term followup of 29 cases treated by microvascular bone transfer.

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  • 1Institut de la Main, Centre Orthopedique Jouvenet, Paris, France.


The authors show that vascularized fibular transplantation is the safest technique to treat congenital pseudarthrosis of the tibia. Results of transplantation in 29 patients reveal that the rate and speed of healing were superior to those of any other published method, and the final outcome at maturity was generally acceptable. In addition, the technique allows secondary lengthening procedures to be done. Various factors, such as age at first fracture, age at operation, gender, and type of fixation, did not appear to influence the outcome significantly.

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