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Ann Med. 1995 Apr;27(2):175-81.

Diagnosis and treatment of vulvodynia.

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  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Helsinki, Finland.


Vulvodynia is a complex multifactorial and multidisciplinary clinical syndrome of unexplained vulvar pain, sexual dysfunction, and psychological disability. Because of the absence of abnormal physical findings among such patients, vulvodynia was long thought to be solely a psychosomatic syndrome. The incidence or prevalence of vulvodynia has not been well studied. The recognition of specific subtypes of vulvodynia is important in the management of patients with vulvodynia. The most common subtypes are vulvar vestibulitis syndrome, cyclic vulvovaginitis and dysesthetic vulvodynia. Simple practice guidelines can be developed to facilitate the evaluation and management of such patients. Systematic epidemiological, etiological and therapeutic studies of vulvodynia are urgently needed.

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