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Am J Physiol. 1995 Jul;269(1 Pt 2):H189-94.

Dissociation of endothelial cell dysfunction and blood pressure in SHR.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, Bristol-Myers Squibb Pharmaceutical Research Institute, Princeton, New Jersey 08543, USA.

Abstract

This study was designed to examine the impairment of endothelium-dependent relaxation in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), to determine whether endothelial cell function is normalized by in vivo treatment with a thromboxane A2-prostaglandin endoperoxide (TP)-receptor blocker, and to establish whether endothelial dysfunction contributes to the elevated blood pressure. In isolated aortic rings from SHR, endothelium-dependent relaxations caused by acetylcholine, adenosine diphosphate, and alpha-thrombin were markedly impaired compared with those from Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) normotensive rats. Arachidonic acid-induced contractions were significantly enhanced in aorta from SHR. In contrast, relaxations caused by direct smooth muscle vasodilators, nitroprusside and cromakalim, and contractions caused by U-46619 were not different between SHR and WKY rats. Treatment of SHR with the oral TP-receptor antagonist, ifetroban, at 20 and 50 mg.kg-1.day-1 fully restored endothelium-dependent relaxation toward normal. However, ifetroban produced no effect on blood pressure in SHR. In vitro incubation of aortic rings from SHR with ifetroban also normalized relaxations to acetylcholine but had no effect in aorta from WKY. In contrast, the thromboxane A synthase inhibitor, dazoxiben, only partially improved abnormal acetylcholine-induced relaxations in aorta from SHR. The results demonstrate that endothelial cell dysfunction in hypertension can be restored to normal by selective TP-receptor blockade. Furthermore, endothelial cell dysfunction and TP-receptor activation may not significantly contribute to elevated systemic blood pressure in SHR.

PMID:
7631848
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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