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J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1995 Jul;96(1):50-6.

Clinical equivalence of a novel non-chlorofluorocarbon-containing salbutamol sulfate metered-dose inhaler and a conventional chlorofluorocarbon inhaler in patients with asthma.

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  • 1International Medical Technical Consultants, Inc., Lenexa, Kan, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

New formulations of non-chlorofluorocarbon-containing propellants for pressurized metered-dose inhaler delivery systems must be developed in response to the forthcoming ban on chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) production.

OBJECTIVE:

This study compared the bronchodilator effects of 100, 200, and 300 micrograms (base equivalent) of salbutamol in a novel CFC-free propellant system (Airomir in the 3M CFC-Free System; 3M Pharmaceuticals, St. Paul, Minn.; 108 micrograms of salbutamol sulfate or 90 micrograms of salbutamol base equivalent per inhalation) with that of 100 and 200 micrograms of salbutamol base in a conventional CFC propellant system (Ventolin, CFC-11/12; Allen and Hanburys, Division of Glaxo Inc., Research Triangle Park, N.C.; 90 micrograms of salbutamol base per inhalation) and placebo.

METHODS:

Twenty-six patients with chronic, stable asthma, who had a forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) between 50.0% and 75.0% of predicted normal value, entered this randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, 6-period, crossover study. FEV1 was measured before and at multiple time points (ranging from 10 to 480 minutes) after administration of one, two, and three inhalations of salbutamol/CFC-free (100, 200, and 300 micrograms); one and two inhalations of salbutamol/CFC (100 and 200 micrograms); and placebo. Safety parameters included adverse events, heart rate, blood pressure, physical examinations, electrocardiograms, and clinical laboratory tests. Parametric analysis of variance models appropriate for a 6-period crossover design were used, along with multiple comparisons according to Tukey's method.

RESULTS:

All active treatments produced significantly (p < 0.0001) greater bronchodilation than placebo. The bronchodilator effect, as measured by FEV1 (peak percent change, peak as a percent of predicted value, duration, and area under the curve) after two inhalations of salbutamol/CFC-free was clinically comprable to two inhalations of salbutamol/CFC, with no clinically meaningful differences in safety parameters between the two delivery systems or between different dose levels.

CONCLUSION:

These results suggest that salbutamol/CFC-free may offer a suitable alternative for salbutamol/CFC when the need arises to change from CFC-containing salbutamol products.

PMID:
7622763
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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