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FASEB J. 1995 Jul;9(10):883-9.

Regulation of the tissue factor gene.

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  • Department of Immunology, Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California 92037, USA.

Abstract

The tissue factor (TF) gene is expressed in a cell type-specific manner in vivo. It is constitutively expressed by several extravascular cell types and inducibly expressed within the vasculature by monocytes and endothelial cells. TF expression initiates thrombotic episodes associated with various diseases, including atherosclerosis, septic shock, and cancer. Regulatory elements within the human TF promoter have been identified by functional analysis of TF promoter-luciferase gene plasmids transiently transfected into various cell types. Transcription factors that control expression of the TF gene were identified using gel shift mobility assays. Induction of the TF gene in human monocytic cells and endothelial cells exposed to bacterial lipopolysaccharide or cytokines is mediated by a distal enhancer (-227 to -172 bp) containing two AP-1 sites and a kappa B site. Functional interactions between Fos-Jun heterodimers and c-Rel-p65 heterodimers are required for transcriptional activation of the TF gene. In contrast, serum and phorbol ester induction of the TF gene in human epithelial cells is controlled by a proximal enhancer (-111 to +14 bp) containing three overlapping Egr-1/Sp1 binding sites. Sp1 is constitutively expressed whereas Egr-1 expression is induced by serum or phorbol ester stimulation. Sp1 also mediates basal promoter activity. Thus, TF gene expression is complex and is regulated by a number of transcription factors that bind to distinct regions of the TF promoter.

PMID:
7615158
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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