Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Anim Sci. 1995 Mar;73(3):899-908.

Equine fescue toxicosis: signs and solutions.

Author information

  • 1Clemson University, SC 29634-0361, USA.

Abstract

Gravid mares grazing endophyte-infested (E+) tall fescue exhibit increased gestation lengths, agalactia, foal and mare mortality, tough and thickened placentas, weak and dysmature foals, increased sweating during warm weather, reduced serum prolactin and progesterone, and increased serum estradiol-17 beta levels. Also, E+ tall fescue hay is less digestible than endophyte-free (E-) hay. Unlike many other species, horses consuming E+ tall fescue do not exhibit increased body temperature. Young horses consuming only E+ pasture do not gain as well as those consuming E- pasture. There is little difference in gain when the pasture is supplemented with enough concentrate to meet NRC requirements for growth. Neither selenium injections nor supplementing with corn at 50% of the NRC requirements for energy reduces the effects of toxic tall fescue on reproduction and lactation in gravid mares. It seems that the alkaloids of E+ tall fescue are serving as D2 dopamine receptor agonists. This activity would explain their prolactin-lowering effect. Domperidone, a dopamine receptor antagonist, is effective in preventing the signs of tall fescue toxicosis in horses without neuroleptic side effects.

PMID:
7608025
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk