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Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd. 1995 May;55(5):275-9.

[Diabetic retinopathy and nephropathy--complications in pregnancy and labor].

[Article in German]

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  • 1Klinikum Frauenklinik und Poliklinik, Benjamin Franklin, FU Berlin.

Abstract

The purpose of this retrospective study was to determine the risk factors for the morbidity of the mothers and their fetus in patients with diabetic retinopathy and/or nephropathy with an open family planning. We compared the course of pregnancies, complications as well as the maternal and neonatal morbidity in 76 patients with diabetic retinopathy or nephropathy (White R F) with 85 patients without severe microangiopathy (White C D). We found a correlation between retinopathy progression and hyperglycaemia during the first trimester (p < 0.05). There was an increase in the deterioration of visual acuity up to blindness due to the progression of this microangiopathy in cases of proliferative retinopathy. There was a significant increase of the mean diastolic blood pressure (mdp) and preeclamptic symptoms occurred in 71% of the cases with severe microangiopathy (p < 0.05). Deterioration of the diabetic nephropathy with excessive proteinuria (> 10 g/d) and unmanageable hypertension or a progression of the retinopathy led to an earlier delivery in 80% of the patients (p < 0.05). A high rate of preterm deliveries (39%) and a frequent occurrence of intrauterine growth retardation's (9%) characterised the fetal outcome. The following examinations for a patient with an open family planning, if diabetes is diagnosed during childhood or the course of the disease is between 10 and 15 years, should be done: Ophthalmological evaluation, control of the renal function, contraceptive advice and an improvement of the metabolic situation. In case of a diabetic nephropathy in combination with hypertonus the patients shoud be warned against pregnancy.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

PMID:
7607385
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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