Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Cancer Res. 1995 Jul 15;55(14):3204-10.

Nonrandom chromosome abnormalities in short-term cultured primary squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck.

Author information

  • 1Department of Clinical Genetics, University Hospital, Lund, Sweden.

Abstract

We report the finding of clonal chromosome abnormalities in short-term cultures from 44 squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck region. Eleven tumors had gain or loss of the Y chromosome, sometimes one clone with +Y and another with -Y, as the sole anomaly, whereas the remaining 33 all carried structural rearrangements and usually were cytogenetically complex with multiple aberrations. The chromosomal bands most frequently involved were, in decreasing order of frequency, 8p11-q11, 1p11-q11, 3p11-q11, 11q13, 13p11-q11, 1p13, 5p11-q11, 7p11-q11, 15p11-q11, and 14p11-q11. Almost one-half of the breakpoints were located in centromeric or juxtacentromeric bands. Recurrent aberrations included i(8q), i(5p), i(1q), del(3)(p11-12), del(5)(p11), t(1;1)(p13;q25), and der(14;15)(q10;q10). To see whether the karyotypic features of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma differ depending on exact tumor site, we added to the present series our previously published 23 karyotypically abnormal head and neck squamous cell carcinomas that had been cultured in the same way as the tumors of the present series. In the ensuing correlation analysis, tumors of the oral cavity and oropharynx and hypopharynx were found to share many features: highly complex karyotypes were frequent, often containing isochromosomes such as i(8q) and i(5p), and also rearrangements of 11q13 (often as homogeneously staining regions) and loss of genetic material from the short arms of chromosomes 3, 13, 14, and 15 were repeatedly seen. Laryngeal carcinomas, on the other hand, often had simple karyotypic changes.

PMID:
7606742
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk