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Am J Cardiol. 1995 Jul 13;76(2):102A-106A.

Effect of fluvastatin for safely lowering atherogenic lipids in renal transplant patients receiving cyclosporine.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, National Hospital, Oslo, Norway.


The lipophilic 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors have been associated with rhabdomyolysis in cyclosporine-treated treated patients, indicating an interaction of drugs. We therefore studied the safety and efficacy of the hydrophilic HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor fluvastatin in 14 cyclosporine-treated renal transplant patients. To qualify for inclusion, total cholesterol after dietary stabilization had to be > 240 mg/dL. Prior to starting active medication, patients underwent a 4-week placebo period. Fluvastatin was given in a dose of 20 mg once daily for 12 weeks, which was increased to 20 mg twice daily for a further 8 weeks. Fluvastatin reduced total and low density lipoprotein cholesterol in all patients at both dosages whereas no effect on high density lipoprotein cholesterol was observed. Triglyceride levels were lowered at week 20. Incremental dosages of fluvastatin did not affect cyclosporine concentration and no adjustment of cyclosporine dosage was necessary. The higher doses of fluvastatin also had no effect on renal function as judged by serum creatinine levels. Creatine phosphokinase remained unchanged throughout the study. No serious side-effects were observed. In conclusion, the hydrophilic HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor fluvastatin at either 20 or 40 mg/day appears to be both safe and effective in lowering atherogenic lipids in renal transplant patients.

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