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ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec. 1995 May-Jun;57(3):135-40.

Efficacy of long-term administration of isosorbide for Ménière's disease.

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  • 1Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Yamanashi Medical University, Japan.


The long-term therapeutic efficacy of isosorbide, an oral hyperosmotic diuretic, was clinically evaluated in 30 patients (14 males and 16 females) who were followed up in our clinic for more than 2 years. The patients ranged in age from 14 to 73 years, with a mean age of 49.2 years. Isosorbide was given orally, continuously or intermittently, for 27-297 weeks, depending on each patient's condition. The efficacy of the drug was determined according to the evaluation criteria of the American Academy of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology (AAOO) and the American Academy of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) for Ménière's disease. Definitive episodes were successfully controlled in 15 of the 20 patients (75%) who received isosorbide continuously according to both the AAOO and the AAO-HNS criteria. Of the 10 patients who were given the drug intermittently, definitive episodes were successfully controlled in 6 patients (60%) according to the AAOO and in 7 patients (70%) according to the AAO-HNS criteria. During the treatment periods, hearing improved in 6 patients (20%), and tinnitus subjectively lessened in 15 patients (50%). Although some patients complained of abdominal discomfort, the side effects of this drug were minimal. Among the patients who responded well to the treatment, the doses of isosorbide could be tapered to a daily dose of 30 ml, less than one half of the usual daily of this drug. The results suggest that most patients should be asked to continue this medical treatment for at least several months before a decision can be made regarding whether the medical response is good or poor.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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