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J Biol Chem. 1995 Nov 10;270(45):26786-9.

Cloning of a cDNA for the type II iodothyronine deiodinase.

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  • 1Department of Physiology, Dartmouth Medical School, Lebanon, New Hampshire 03756, USA.


Three types of iodothyronine deiodinase have been identified in vertebrate tissues. cDNAs for the types I and III have been cloned and shown to contain an inframe TGA that codes for selenocysteine at the active site of the enzyme. We now report the cloning of a cDNA for a type II deiodinase using a reverse transcription/polymerase chain reaction strategy and RNA obtained from Rana catesbeiana tissues. This cDNA (RC5'DII) manifests limited but significant homology with other deiodinase cDNAs and contains a conserved in-frame TGA codon. Injection of capped in vitro synthesized transcripts of the cDNA into Xenopus laevis oocytes results in the induction of deiodinase activity with characteristics typical of a type II deiodinase. The levels of RC5'DII transcripts in R. catesbeiana tadpole tail and liver mRNA at stages XII and XXIII correspond well with that of type II deiodinase activity but not that of the type III activity in these tissues. These findings indicate that the amphibian type II 5'-deiodinase is a structurally unique member of the family of selenocysteine-containing deiodinases.

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