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J Biol Chem. 1995 Nov 10;270(45):26723-6.

Siderophores: structure and function of microbial iron transport compounds.

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  • 1Division of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of California, Berkeley 94720, USA.


Siderophores are common products of aerobic and facultative anaerobic bacteria and of fungi. Elucidation of the molecular genetics of siderophore synthesis, and the regulation of this process by iron, has been facilitated by the fact that E. coli uses its own siderophores as well as those derived from other species, including fungi. Overproduction of the siderophore and its transport system at low iron is in this species well established to be the result of negative transcriptional repression, but the detailed mechanism may be positive in other organisms. Siderophores are transported across the double membrane envelope of E. coli via a gating mechanism linking the inner and outer membranes.

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