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J Biol Chem. 1995 Nov 3;270(44):26168-77.

Structure of Saccharomyces cerevisiae alpha-agglutinin. Evidence for a yeast cell wall protein with multiple immunoglobulin-like domains with atypical disulfides.

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  • 1Department of Biological Sciences, Hunter College of the City University of New York, New York 10021, USA.


alpha-Agglutinin of Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a cell wall-associated protein that mediates cell interaction in mating. Although the mature protein includes about 610 residues, the NH2-terminal half of the protein is sufficient for binding to its ligand a-agglutinin. alpha-Agglutinin20-351, a fully active fragment of the protein, has been purified and analyzed. Circular dichroism spectroscopy, together with sequence alignments, suggest that alpha-agglutinin20-351 consists of three immunoglobulin variable-like domains: domain I, residues 20-104; domain II, residues 105-199; and domain III, residues 200-326. Peptide sequencing data established the arrangement of the disulfide bonds in alpha-agglutinin20-351. Cys97 is disulfide-bonded to Cys114, forming an interdomain bond between domains I and II. Cys202 is bonded to Cys300, in an atypical intradomain disulfide bond between the A and F strands of domain III. Cys227 and Cys256 have free sulfhydryls. Sequencing also showed that at least two of three potential N-glycosylation sites with sequence Asn-Xaa-Thr are glycosylated. At least one of three Asn-Xaa-Ser sequences is not glycosylated. No residues NH2-terminal to Ser282 were O-glycosylated, whereas Ser282, and all hydroxy amino acid residues COOH-terminal to this position were modified. Therefore O-glycosylated Ser and Thr residues cluster in the COOH-terminal region of domain III, and the O-glycosylation continues into a Ser/Thr-rich sequence that extends from domain III to the COOH-terminal of the full-length protein.

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