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Infect Immun. 1995 Dec;63(12):4557-63.

Differential induction of carrier antigen-specific immunity by Salmonella typhimurium live-vaccine strains after single mucosal or intravenous immunization of BALB/c mice.

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  • 1Department of Microbiology, University of Tennessee College of Veterinary Medicine, Knoxville 37996, USA.


In this study, we constructed strain KR21 (chi 4550 delta cya delta crp delta asd/pYA292asd(+)-toxC+) and compared it with BRD847 (aroA aroD/pnirB-toxC) for the ability to induce humoral and cellular immunity after a single oral or intravenous immunization in 3- to 4-week-old BALB/c mice. ToxC-specific serum immunoglobulin G (IgG) was detectable in animals orally immunized with either BRD847 or KR21. However, after intravenous immunization, IgG was detected only in BRD847-immunized animals. Measurement of immunoglobin types IgG1 and IgG2a suggests that a Th1 cellular response is prominent after immunizations with either system. ToxC-specific IgA was detected in fecal and vaginal samples of animals immunized orally and intravenously with BRD847, while those immunized with KR21 failed to show fecal or vaginal IgA responses. Delayed-type hypersensitivity was used as a measure of induction of T-cell responses in vivo. Mice immunized either orally or intravenously with BRD847 showed significant ear swelling responses after ToxC injections, while KR21-immunized animals failed to show a cellular response. These data indicate that the aroA aroD/pnirB system holds greater potential for inducing global immunity after a single dose when directly compared with the balanced lethal system (delta cya delta crp delta asd/pYA292asd+).

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