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Cancer Res. 1995 Nov 15;55(22):5217-21.

p53 point mutation and survival in colorectal cancer patients.

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  • 1Department of Colorectal Surgery, Singapore General Hospital, Republic of Singapore.


We have examined the relationship between point mutation of the p53 tumor suppressor gene and survival in colorectal cancer patients. We found that patients with tumors harboring mutated p53 genes showed a significantly poorer prognosis than did those patients with genes without point mutations, and, moreover, patient response to postoperative therapies depended significantly on mutation status in both adjuvant and palliative treatment cohorts. However, not all point mutations were the same functionally; point mutations within the conserved domains of the p53 tumor suppressor gene were inherently more aggressive than tumors with point mutations outside of these domains, and mutations of codon 175 were particularly aggressive. These results suggest that knowledge of a patient's p53 status, both with respect to the presence of point mutations and to the specific nature of the lesion, may be required to accurately predict both the course of the disease and the response of the disease to postoperative therapeutic interventions, especially those therapies based on the induction of apoptosis in the neoplastic cell.

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