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Biol Pharm Bull. 1995 Jul;18(7):1006-8.

Effect of tea (Camellia sinensis L.) on lipid peroxidation in rat liver and kidney: a comparison of green and black tea feeding.

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  • 1Laboratory of Health Science, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Shizuoka, Japan.


The antioxidant effects in the liver and kidney obtained from rat fed diets containing 3% green or black tea leaf powder, which were prepared from the same lot tea leaves, were studied using the tissue slice-antioxidant evaluation method with two lipid peroxidation inducers. After 50 d on the diets, liver slices prepared from green and black tea-supplemented rats showed significant inhibitory effects against tert-butyl hydroperoxide-induced lipid peroxidation. These effects, however, were not proportional to the amounts of (-)-epicatechins and antioxidant vitamins in the tea leaves. In the kidney, the antioxidant effect was observed only in the green tea-fed group. A similar antioxidant effect on the kidney was observed after oral administration of a major tea polyphenol, (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (50 mg/kg body weight for 7 d). Liver slices from black tea-fed rats also inhibited bromotrichloromethane-induced lipid peroxidation. These results demonstrated that dietary green and black tea had antioxidant effects on tissue lipid peroxidation ex vivo.

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