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Autoimmunity. 1995;20(3):153-61.

Type XI and II collagen-induced arthritis in rats: characterization of inbred strains of rats for arthritis-susceptibility and immune-responsiveness to type XI and II collagen.

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  • 1Research Service, Veterans Administration Medical Center, University of Tennessee, Memphis 38104, USA.


To determine the relationship between susceptibility to bovine type XI and II (BXI and BII) collagen-induced arthritis, we immunized 14 inbred and one outbred strains of rats with BXI and BII. Susceptibility to BXI-arthritis corresponded largely with susceptibility, or resistance, to BII-arthritis. LEW, BB, WF, DA, and WKY were readily susceptible to BXI- and BII-arthritis. Likewise, BII-resistant F344 and BN rats were BXI-resistant. Some strains responded differently to BXI and BII. BUF and COP, which are moderately susceptible to BII, were BXI-resistant, whereas the BII-resistant rats, DA.1N and WF.1N, were partially susceptible to BXI. (F344 x BN) F1 hybrids responded to both collagens suggesting gene complementation. Arthritis occurred in all strains producing the highest titer antisera (LEW, WF and BB). Antibody responses to BXI and BII were generally commensurate within individual strains. DA were susceptible to arthritis but produced low levels of antibody comparable to BN rats which were arthritis-resistant. BXI and BII-susceptibility was variable in rats producing intermediate antibody responses. Antibodies to RXI were detected in all BXI-immunized rats, whereas antibodies to RV and RII were uniformly weaker. DTH to RXI and RII was strong in both groups of rats, correlating poorly with arthritis and antibody responses. These studies show that phenotypic susceptibility to BXI- and BII-arthritis are largely concordant among inbred rat strains but clear differences exist in certain strains; multiple genes are likely involved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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