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J Bone Miner Res. 1995 Jun;10(6):932-9.

Serum pyridinoline as a specific marker of collagen breakdown and bone metabolism in hemodialysis patients.

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  • 1Departement de Nephrologie, INSERM Unité 90, Hôpital Necker-Enfants Malades, Paris, France.


Type I collagen represents more than 90% of bone matrix. Quantitative analysis of collagen cross-link molecules such as pyridinoline (PYD) provides valuable information on bone resorption rate. We have studied 37 hemodialysis patients who underwent a systematic transiliac bone biopsy for histomorphometry study. Eighteen of them had tetracycline double labeling, allowing to determine dynamic, in addition to static bone parameters. Measurement of serum-free PYD was performed using a new competitive enzyme immunoassay. Serum PYD values were compared with those of three other serum markers of bone metabolism, namely intact PTH (iPTH), bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (bAP), and osteocalcin, for the correlations with bone histomorphometric parameters. Serum PYD levels (mean +/- SD) were significantly higher in dialysis patients than in normal individuals, 90.6 +/- 99.6 nM versus 1.9 +/- 0.4 nM, respectively. Patients with high turnover bone disease had significantly higher serum PYD levels than patients with normal or low bone turnover, 108.8 +/- 108.0 nM versus 34.1 +/- 12.8 nM, respectively. Serum PYD levels were positively correlated with bone resorption parameters including osteoclast surface (r = 0.59, p < 0.0001) and osteoclast number/mm2 (r = 0.61, p < 0.0001), and also with bone formation parameters, osteoblast surface (r = 0.43, p < 0.008), double-labeled surface (r = 0.81, p < 0.001), and BFR (r = 0.91, p < 0.0001). The BFR was better correlated with serum PYD levels than with either serum iPTH or osteocalcin concentrations. However, correlation with serum bAP was comparable.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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