Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
West J Med. 1995 Aug;163(2):128-32.

Staphylococcus aureus septic arthritis in patients on hemodialysis treatment.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medical Education, Providence Medical Center, Portland, OR 97213-2967, USA.

Abstract

We retrospectively reviewed hospital discharge diagnoses of septic arthritis over an 11-year period (1982 through 1992) at 3 medical centers; 11 episodes of septic arthritis were identified in patients on hemodialysis treatment. Of the 11 episodes, 9 were caused by Staphylococcus aureus; in 8 of 9, the blood cultures were positive for the organism and the infection was monoarticular. Concurrent infection of the dialysis access site occurred in 4 cases. Two patients died (22%). We postulate that repeated skin trauma and contact with health care personnel and facilities result in a high rate of nasal carriage of S aureus and, hence, an increased risk of bacteremia with its attendant complications such as septic arthritis. The use of mupirocin nasal ointment is reported to eradicate or suppress carriage in a high percentage of patients; some studies report that long-term suppressive therapy reduces the frequency of S aureus bacteremia.

PMID:
7571559
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1303006
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk