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Transplantation. 1995 Oct 15;60(7):652-6.

Effect of fluvastatin on lipoprotein profiles in treating renal transplant recipients with dyslipoproteinemia.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Prince of Wales Hospital, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong.


A single, blinded placebo-drug trial was conducted to study the efficacy and safety of fluvastatin, a new 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase inhibitor, in treating dyslipoproteinemia in 16 renal transplant recipients who had been on an immunosuppressive regimen that included cyclosporine (CsA). They were studied for 32 consecutive weeks, with 4 weeks of baseline treatment, 4 weeks of placebo, 12 weeks of treatment with fluvastatin 20 mg daily, and 12 weeks of fluvastatin 40 mg daily. Blood samples were obtained every 4 weeks for measurement of the lipoprotein profiles, which included total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride, low density lipoprotein (LDL)-, high density lipoprotein (HDL)-, HDL2-, HDL3- and very low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (C), apolipoprotein (Apo) A-1, Apo B, and lipoprotein(a). Fifteen patients completed the trial. After 12 weeks of treatment, fluvastatin 20 mg significantly reduced TC by 13.4% (from 6.7 +/- 0.5 [mean +/- SEM] to 5.8 +/- 0.2 mmol/L), LDL-C by 22% (from 4.1 +/- 0.3 to 3.2 +/- 0.2 mmol/L), and Apo B by 13.2% (from 159.6 +/- 8.8 to 138.6 +/- 9.2 mg/dl) (P < 0.005). The subsequent 12-week treatment of fluvastatin 40 mg significantly reduced TC by 16.4% to 5.6 +/- 0.3 mmol/L, LDL-C by 29.3% to 2.9 +/- 0.2 mmol/L, and Apo B by 18.2% to 130.6 +/- 5.5 mg/dl (P < 0.00005). There was no significant change in levels of other lipoproteins, including lipoprotein (a). There were no significant changes in the whole blood trough CsA concentrations, renal and liver function tests, and serum creatine phosphokinase level during treatment when compared with baseline and placebo. No patient complained of myalgia or failed to complete the study due to side effects of the drug. Fluvastatin appears to be safe and effective in treating dyslipoproteinemia in renal transplant recipients who are maintained on CsA.

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