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Insect Biochem Mol Biol. 1995 Sep;25(8):899-908.

Genomic organization and expression of a trypsin gene from the spruce budworm, Choristoneura fumiferana.

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  • 1Department of Biology, University of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.


A 7 kb (kilobase) genomic fragment containing a trypsin gene from the spruce budworm Choristoneura fumiferana was isolated and sequenced. The coding sequence is interrupted by two introns; these occur at the same positions as the first two introns of mammalian trypsin genes. The three exons encode 256 amino acids. The deduced protein sequence displays all of the structural features that characterize trypsin enzymes in other eukaryotic organisms. Genomic Southern hybridization showed that there is only one copy of the trypsin gene in the Choristoneura genome. This gene is expressed in the insect midgut, where the pH is extremely high. The complete lack of Lysine residues may be an adaptation to the high pH conditions. Extensive sequencing of the flanking regions did not reveal the presence of any linked trypsin-encoding genes. Instead, several short repetitive sequences and a sequence homologous to a Drosophila reverse transcriptase gene was identified in this genomic region.

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