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Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 1995 Jul-Aug;4(5):549-54.

High levels of transforming growth factor beta 1 correlate with disease progression in human colon cancer.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York 10021, USA.

Abstract

Several genes have identified that play a role in colon cancer development. However, less is known about factors that increase the rate of progression of colon cancers to metastasis. One candidate is transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF beta 1), which can enhance the aggressiveness of human colorectal cell lines in vitro and in vivo. The amount of TGF beta 1, TGF beta 2, and TGF beta 3 protein isoforms expressed in primary site colorectal cancers were measured to determine whether any correlation existed between protein levels and disease recurrence in a series of Memorial Sloan-Kettering Hospital patients who underwent potentially curative resections. Intense staining for TGF beta 1 correlated significantly (P < 0.0013; odds ratio, 18) with disease progression to metastasis and was independent of nodal status and the degree of differentiation of the primary tumor. Therefore, in this study, patients with high TGF beta 1 protein levels in their primary site colorectal cancer were 18 times more likely to experience recurrence of their disease than were patients whose tumors exhibited low levels of TGF beta 1. In this case-control study, patients whose cancer recurred and those remaining cancer free were age and sex matched. The disease recurred at a mean of 26.8 +/- 4.3 (SE) months, whereas the mean follow-up time in patients whose disease did not recur was over twice as long, 57.3 +/- 6.6 months. Ninety-four % of the patients in each group were node positive at the time of resection, with equal mean numbers of positive nodes per patient.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

PMID:
7549813
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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