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BMJ. 1995 Sep 16;311(7007):711-4.

Association of Helicobacter pylori and Chlamydia pneumoniae infections with coronary heart disease and cardiovascular risk factors.

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  • 1St George's Hospital Medical School, Tooting, London.

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  • BMJ 1995 Oct 14;311(7011):985.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the relation between seropositivity to chronic infections with Helicobacter pylori and Chlamydia pneumoniae and both coronary heart disease and cardiovascular risk factors.

DESIGN:

Cross sectional study of a population based random sample of men. Coronary heart disease was assessed by electrocardiography, Rose angina questionnaire, and a history of myocardial infarction; serum antibody levels to H pylori and C pneumoniae were measured, risk factor levels determined, and a questionnaire administered.

SETTING:

General practices in Merton, Sutton, and Wandsworth, south London.

SUBJECTS:

388 white south London men aged 50-69.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Evidence of coronary risk factors and infection with H pylori or C pneumoniae.

RESULTS:

47 men (12.1%) had electrocardiographic evidence of ischaemia or infarction. 36 (76.6%) and 18 (38.3%) were seropositive for H pylori and C pneumoniae, respectively, compared with 155 (45.5%) and 62 (18.2%) men with normal electrocardiograms. Odds ratios for abnormal electrocardiograms were 3.82 (95% confidence interval 1.60 to 9.10) and 3.06 (1.33 to 7.01) in men seropositive for H pylori and C pneumoniae, respectively, after adjustment for a range of socioeconomic indicators and risk factors for coronary heart disease. Cardiovascular risk factors that were independently associated with seropositivity to H pylori included fibrinogen concentration and total leucocyte count. Seropositivity to C pneumoniae was independently associated with raised fibrinogen and malondialdehyde concentrations.

CONCLUSIONS:

Both H pylori and C pneumoniae infectins are associated with coronary heart disease. These relations are not explained by a wide range of confounding factors. Possible mechanisms include an increase in risk factor levels due to a low grade chronic inflammatory response.

Comment in

PMID:
7549683
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2550716
Free PMC Article
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