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Blood. 1995 Oct 1;86(7):2606-15.

Beta 3 integrin-mediated fibrin clot retraction by nucleated cells: differing behavior of alpha IIb beta 3 and alpha v beta 3.

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  • 1Department of Vascular Biology, Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.


Fibrin clot retraction may be important in resolution of thrombi and, in platelets, is mediated by integrin alpha IIb beta 3 (GPIIb-IIIa). Nucleated cells that lack alpha IIb beta 3 can retract fibrin clots, and we now report that integrin alpha v beta 3 can support this process. In addition, we compared the capacities of recombinant beta 3 integrins to mediate clot retraction in Chinese hamster ovary and M21 melanoma cells. We found that alpha v beta 3, but not alpha IIb beta 3, could spontaneously support retraction. Transferring the cytoplasmic domain of alpha v to alpha IIb enabled the resulting chimeric alpha IIb beta 3 to support clot retraction. The capacity of the alpha v cytoplasmic domain to support clot retraction was not caused by activation of the ligand binding function of alpha IIb beta 3 or by enhancement of alpha IIb beta 3's capacity to stimulate the formation of focal adhesions or the tyrosine phosphorylation of pp125FAK. These experiments define requirements for alpha IIb beta 3-mediating clot retraction, establish the capacity of alpha v beta 3 to mediate this process, and suggest differing functional roles of the alpha v and alpha IIb cytoplasmic domains.

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