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Blood. 1995 Sep 15;86(6):2228-39.

Regulatory role of CD43 leukosialin on integrin-mediated T-cell adhesion to endothelial and extracellular matrix ligands and its polar redistribution to a cellular uropod.

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  • 1Servicio de Inmunología, Hospital de la Princesa, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain.

Abstract

CD43 is a cell surface-associated mucin that is abundantly expressed by most leukocytes, and that appears to function as a negative regulator of cell surface interactions, providing a repulsive barrier around cells. We have analyzed herein the ability of anti-CD43 monoclonal antibody (MoAb) to upregulate both beta 1 and beta 2 integrin-mediated cell adhesion and to promote redistribution of the CD43 molecule into a cellular uropod. Engagement of CD43 with specific antibodies enhanced the cell adhesion to both 80- and 38-kD fibronectin fragments as well as to the endothelial cell ligands vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 and intercellular adhesion molecule-1, an effect that was mediated through the alpha 5 beta 1, alpha 4 beta 1, and alpha L beta 2 integrins, respectively. This effect on cell adhesion was achieved in Jurkat leukemic T cells by anti-CD43 MoAb alone; however, in T lymphoblasts, the activation of cell adhesion required the concomitant ligation of CD3 with suboptimal doses of anti-CD3 MoAb. Immunofluorescence analysis showed that the engagement of CD43 was accompanied by a differential redistribution of CD43 into a well-defined cytoplasmic projection or uropod, whereas the beta 1 or beta 2 integrins remained uniformly located on the contact area with substrata. This change in the localization of CD43 did not require costimulation and was induced directly by engagement of CD43 in T lymphoblasts. Other stimuli of cell adhesion in the form of cross-linked anti-CD3 MoAb or phorbol esters did not induce uropod formation or CD43 redistribution. In addition, we observed that prolonged co-culture of resting peripheral blood T lymphocytes with endothelial cells, in the absence of anti-CD43 MoAb, induced uropod formation and redistribution of CD43 in T cells. Interestingly, the myosin-disrupting drug butanedione monoxime inhibited the redistribution of CD43 induced by the specific MoAb, whereas the stimulation of cell adhesion induced by engagement of CD43 was preserved in the presence of this drug. These observations indicate that the signaling inducing integrin-mediated cell adhesion by CD43 takes place independently from the receptor redistribution. Altogether, these results indicate that CD43 has a regulatory role on both integrin-mediated T-cell adhesion and cellular morphology.

PMID:
7545023
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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