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J Urol. 1995 Sep;154(3):1103-9.

Critical evaluation of salvage surgery for radio-recurrent/resistant prostate cancer.

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  • 1Department of Urology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

A positive post-irradiation prostatic biopsy associated with an increasing prostate specific antigen level but no palpable evidence of local progression may identify a subgroup of patients who could be cured by salvage surgical therapy.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Between 1967 and 1992, 132 patients underwent salvage surgery, including radical retropubic prostatectomy in 79, anterior exenteration in 38, total exenteration in 5 and bilateral pelvic lymphadenectomy only in 10.

RESULTS:

The 10-year cancer-specific survival rate in the prostatectomy group was 72%. Local control was equivalent among the surgical groups. Radical retropubic prostatectomy patients with negative surgical margins and nonaneuploid tumors demonstrated a significant survival advantage. Adjuvant hormonal therapy improved the disease-free survival rate in patients with nonaneuploid tumors.

CONCLUSIONS:

Radical retropubic prostatectomy can achieve excellent survival with low morbidity in select patients. Patients with clinical stage T2 or less disease and with prostate specific antigen detected cancers (52% and 75%, respectively) had pathological stage T2 disease. Thus, by using modern diagnostic techniques patients can be identified who may be cured with salvage surgery.

PMID:
7543608
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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