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J Clin Oncol. 1995 Aug;13(8):1922-32.

Subsets of CD34+ cells and rapid hematopoietic recovery after peripheral-blood stem-cell transplantation.

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  • 1European Cancer Centre; Department of Medical Oncology, Free University Hospital, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To study whether there is a relationship between transplanted cell dose and rate of hematopoietic recovery after peripheral-blood stem-cell (PBSC) transplantation, and to obtain an indication whether specific subsets of CD34+ cell populations contribute to rapid recovery of neutrophils or platelets.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Based on data from 59 patients, we calculated for each day after PBSC transplantation the dose of CD34+ cells that resulted in rapid recovery of either neutrophils or platelets in the majority (> 70%) of patients. Using dual-color flow cytometry, subsets of peripheral-blood CD34+ cells were quantified and the numbers of CD34+ cells belonging to each of the reinfused subsets correlated with hematopoietic recovery following high-dose chemotherapy.

RESULTS:

The calculated threshold values with a high probability of engraftment showed a steep dose-effect relationship between CD34+ cell dose and time to recovery of both neutrophils or platelets. Predominantly CD34+ cells with the phenotype of myeloid precursors were mobilized. A minority of CD34+ cells expressed the erythroid and megakaryocytic lineage-associated antigens and a low but distinct population of CD34+ cells expressed antigens associated with multipotent stem cells. Analysis showed that the number of CD34+CD33- cells (r = -.74, P < .05), as well as the number of CD34+CD41+ cells (r = -.81, P < .005), correlated significantly better with time to neutrophil and platelet recovery, respectively, than with the total number of CD34+ cells (r = -.55 and r = -.56, respectively).

CONCLUSION:

The numbers of CD34+CD33- cells and CD34+CD41+ cells may help to predict short-term repopulation capacity of PBSCs, especially when relatively low numbers of CD34+ cells per kilogram are reinfused.

PMID:
7543561
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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